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Effects of Irradiation on Planococcus minor (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

Kaliova Tavou Ravuiwasa, Kuang-Hui Lu, Tse-Chi Shen, Shaw-Yhi Hwang
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0507 1774-1780 First published online: 1 October 2009

Abstract

Irradiation has been recognized and endorsed as a potential phytosanitary measure that could be an alternative to current quarantine treatments. Dosages of 50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 Gy were used to irradiate three different life stages (eggs, immatures, and adults) of Planococcus minor (Maskell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), focusing on females due to its parthenogenesis ability, with an aim to find the most tolerant stage and the most optimal dose to control P. minor. Cobalt 60 was the source of irradiation used. Irradiation of 150–250 Gy has a significant effect on all life stages of P. minor, decreasing its survival rate, percentage of adult reproduction, oviposition, and fertility rate. The adult was the most tolerant life stage in both mortality and fertility rate. All the different irradiated target life stage groups oviposited eggs, but none of the F2 eggs hatched at the most optimal dosage of 150–250 Gy.

  • Planococcus minor
  • ionizing radiation
  • quarantine

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