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Pan Trapping Soybean Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using Attractants

Nicholas S. Behrens, Junwei Zhu, Joel R. Coats
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC11102 890-895 First published online: 1 June 2012


Since its introduction into the United States in the past 10 yr, soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), has been a damaging pest to soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill. During 2008 and 2009, fields in central and north central Iowa experienced pockets of high soybean aphid populations. Electroantennograms have shown that soybean aphid alatae are capable of detecting host plant volatiles and sex pheromones. Here, we evaluated baited pan traps as a potential soybean aphid attractant. Yellow pan traps were placed in soybean fields after planting along with lures that contained plant volatiles and sex pheromones in 2008 or sex pheromones only in 2009. Pan trap contents were collected weekly, and plant counts also were conducted. Aphids were identified, and soybean aphids were counted to determine whether one chemical lure was more attractive to spring migrants than other lures. In both years, soybean aphids collected in pan traps with lures were not significantly different from the other products tested.

  • soybean aphid
  • pan trap
  • sex pheromone
  • plant volatile
  • electroantennogram
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